Assessing tumor vascularization as a potential biomarker of imatinib resistance in gastrointestinal stromal tumors by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(146 visite) Consolino L, Longo DL, Sciortino M, Dastru W, Cabodi S, Giovenzana GB, Aime S
Gastric Cancer (ISSN: 1436-3291), 2016 Dec 19; N/D: N/D-N/D.
Tipo di articolo: Journal Article,
Impact factor: 5.454, Impact factor a 5 anni: 5.97
*** IBB - CNR *** Department of Molecular Biotechnology and Health Sciences, University of Torino, Via Nizza 52, 10126, Turin, Italy., CAGE Chemicals srl, Via Bovio 6, 28100, Novara, Italy., Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging, National Research Council of Italy (CNR) c/o Molecular Biotechnologies Center, Via Nizza 52, 10126, Turin, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org., Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Eastern Piedmont, Largo Donegani 2/3, 28100, Novara, Italy.,
BACKGROUND: Most metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) develop resistance to the first-line imatinib treatment. Recently, increased vessel density and angiogenic markers were reported in GISTs with a poor prognosis, suggesting that angiogenesis is implicated in GIST tumor progression and resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between tumor vasculature and imatinib resistance in different GIST mouse models using a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) functional approach. METHODS: Immunodeficient mice (n = 8 for each cell line) were grafted with imatinib-sensitive (GIST882 and GIST-T1) and imatinib-resistant (GIST430) human cell lines. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) was performed on GIST xenografts to quantify tumor vessel permeability (K trans) and vascular volume fraction (v p). Microvessel density (MVD), permeability (mean dextran density, MDD), and angiogenic markers were evaluated by immunofluorescence and western blot assays. RESULTS: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed significantly increased vessel density (P < 0.0001) and permeability (P = 0.0002) in imatinib-resistant tumors compared to imatinib-sensitive ones. Strong positive correlations were observed between MRI estimates, K trans and v p, and their related ex vivo values, MVD (r = 0.78 for K trans and r = 0.82 for v p) and MDD (r = 0.77 for K trans and r = 0.94 for v p). In addition, higher expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR2 and VEFGR3) was seen in GIST430. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging highlighted marked differences in tumor vasculature and microenvironment properties between imatinib-resistant and imatinib-sensitive GISTs, as also confirmed by ex vivo assays. These results provide new insights into the role that DCE-MRI could play in GIST characterization and response to GIST treatment. Validation studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Ntziachristos V, Cuénod CA, Fournier L, Balvay D, Pradel C, Siauve N, Clement O, Jouannot E, Lucidarme O, Vecchio SD, Salvatore M, Law B, Tung C-H, Jain RK, Fukumura D, Munn LL, Brown EB, Schellenberger E, Montet X, Weissleder R, Clerck ND, Postnov A * Tumor Imaging(239 visite) Textbook Of In Vivo Imaging In Vertebrates (ISSN: 9780-4700), 2007 Jul 16; 1: 277-309. Impact Factor:1.148 DettagliEsporta in BibTeXEsporta in EndNote
72 Records (67 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze). Impact factor totale: 297.63 (287.623 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze). Impact factor a 5 anni totale: 311.812 (300.761 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze).