A spontaneous strangulated transomental hernia: Prospective and retrospective multi-detector computed tomography findings(198 views visite) Camera L, De Gennaro A, Longobardi M, Masone S, Calabrese E, Del Vecchio W, Persico G, Salvatore M
World J Radiol (ISSN: 1949-8470, 1949-8470electronic), 2014 Feb 28; 6(2): 26-30.
Keywords Parole chiave: Internal Hernias, Multi-Detector Row Computed Tomography, Small Bowel Obstruction, Strangulation, Transomental Hernia,
*** IBB - CNR *** Luigi Camera, Angela De Gennaro, Margaret Longobardi, Emanuela Calabrese, Marco Salvatore, Department of Radiology, University "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy.
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Transomental hernias are among the rarest type of all internal hernias which overall account for less than 6% of small bowel obstructions. Most transomental hernias occurring in adults are either iatrogenic or post-traumatic. More rarely, a spontaneous herniation of small bowel loops may result from senile atrophy of the omentum. We report a case of an 86-year-old male who presented with signs and symptoms of small bowel obstruction but had no past surgical or traumatic abdominal history. At contrast-enhanced multi-detector row computed tomography (CT), a cluster of fluid-filled dilated small bowel loops could be appreciated in the left flank, with associated signs of bowel wall ischemia. Swirling of the mesenteric vessels could also be appreciated and CT findings were prospectively considered consistent with a strangulated small bowel volvulus. At laparotomy, no derotation had to be performed but up to 100 cm of gangrenous small bowel loops had to be resected because of a transomental hernia through a small defect in the left part of the greater omentum. Retrospective reading of CT images was performed and findings suggestive of transomental herniation could then be appreciated.