Biochemical phenotype of a common disease-causing mutation and a possible therapeutic approach for the phosphomannomutase 2-associated disorder of glycosylation(111 visite) Andreotti G, Pedone E, Giordano A, Cubellis MV
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Parole chiave: Congenital Disorders Of Glycosylation, N-Glycosylation, Glucose 1, 6-Bisphosphate, Phosphomannomutase,
*** IBB - CNR *** Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare - CNR Pozzuoli, Italy. Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini - CNR Napoli, Italy. Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita' Federico II Napoli, Italy.
Phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2) deficiency represents the most frequent type of congenital disorders of glycosylation. For this disease there is no cure at present. The complete loss of phosphomannomutase activity is probably not compatible with life and people affected carry at least one allele with residual activity. We characterized wild-type PMM2 and its most common hypomorphic mutant, p.F119L, which is associated with a severe phenotype of the disease. We demonstrated that active species is the dimeric enzyme and that the mutation weakens the quaternary structure and, at the same time, affects the activity and the stability of the enzyme. We demonstrated that ligand binding stabilizes both proteins, wild-type and F119L-PMM2, and promotes subunit association in vitro. The strongest effects are observed with glucose-1,6-bisphosphate (Glc-1,6-P2) or with monophosphate glucose in the presence of vanadate. This finding offers a new approach for the treatment of PMM2 deficiency. We propose to enhance Glc-1,6-P2 concentration either acting on the metabolic pathways that control its synthesis and degradation or exploiting prodrugs that are able to cross membranes.