Deficiency of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase activity in malignancy. Absence of the protein in human enzyme-deficient cell lines(171 visite) Della Ragione F, Oliva A, Palumbo R, Russo GL, Gragnaniello V, Zappia V
Istituto di Biochimica delle Macromolecole, I Facolta di Medicina e Chirurgia, Universita di Napoli, Italy.,
The absence of 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAase) activity in malignant cells, and the putative localization of its gene, suggest that this enzyme deficiency might be due to a genomic alteration also involving a tumour-suppressor gene. We studied the possible occurrence of inactive forms of the protein in two MTAase-negative cell lines, namely K562 and Jurkat, by immunochemical methods. Two highly specific antisera, directed against different epitopes of the phosphorylase [Della Ragione, Oliva, Gragnaniello, Russo, Palumbo & Zappia (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 6241-6246], were used to carry out immunotitration and immunoblotting analyses, as well as to investigate the biosynthesis of the enzyme. No MTAase protein was detected by Western-blotting technique performed under conditions where all the phosphorylase-positive samples gave a clear band at the MTAase subunit molecular mass. No cross-reacting material was observed by a sensitive immunotitration method which permitted the detection of as low as 0.5 ng of protein. Moreover, the results obtained by [35S]methionine-labelling experiments ruled out phosphorylase biosynthesis in the negative cell lines. Altogether, these data suggest that an alteration at the gene level hampering the specific mRNA biosynthesis or resulting in an untranslatable mRNA is the cause of the enzyme deficiency in the MTAase-negative cell lines studied.
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