Home Ricerca Sedi Chi siamo Organigramma Personale Contatti Didattica Login Documenti EN
Progetti in evidenza
INCIPIT
(Link esterno)

ISTAPCA
(1033 visite)

LightDyNAmics
(813 visite)

Fondo Europeo Pesca
(432 visite)

 INMiND
(1049 visite)

Fondazione Veronesi
(Link esterno)

Instruct-IT
(Link esterno)

Euro-BioImaging
(Link esterno)

 PRIN
(1183 visite)

 eHealthNet
(973 visite)

  Ponrec
(918 visite)

MFAG Grant
(1000 visite)

MERIT
(Link esterno)


Collegamenti



Low power charge division circuits for wireless applications based on silicon photomultipliers (403 visite) (PDF privato 97 visite)

Massari R, Caputo D, Ronchi S, Soluri A

Ieee Sensors Journal (ISSN: 1530-437x), 2016; 16(23): 8214-8219.

Tipo di articolo: Original Journal Article

Impact factor: 0

Impact factor a 5 anni: 0


Parole chiave: Charge Division Circuits, Resistor Network, Scintillator Detectors, Silicon Photomultipliers., Elemental Semiconductors, Readout Electronics, Scintillation Counters, Diode Coupled Symmetric Charge Division, Image Reconstruction, Low-Power Charge Division Circuits, Printed Circuit Board, Readout System, Silicon Photomultiplier Arrays, Wireless Applications, Wireless Detectors, Integrated Circuit Modeling, Schottky Diodes, Wireless Communication

Url: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2016.2573638

In this paper, we present a dedicated charge division circuit (CDC) as readout system for wireless detectors based on silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) arrays coupled to scintillators. In the proposed readout circuit, the SiPM output current is split into two symmetric signals by a pair of diodes, so it was called diode coupled symmetric charge division (DCSCD). The circuit was investigated using LTSPICE, fabricated as a printed circuit board and characterized. Its performances were compared with that of the traditional discrete positioning circuit (DPC) scheme. Testing the two CDC networks on a 16 × 28 array of SiPMs, we found that image reconstruction is significantly compromised when the DPC configuration is connected to few SiPMs, while the diode-based CDC configuration presents a very high-quality image histogram independently on the number of the connected photosensors. The proposed electronics features very low-power consumption when compared with commercial solutions and it is, therefore, suitable for battery-operated device, which requires a power-efficient design. Indeed, the DCSCD electronics requires less than 10 mW of static power to read out the 16 × 28 array of SiPMs, demonstrating the efficacy of the proposed diode-based CDC as passive readout circuitry and opening the route for the development of wireless gamma camera systems.
*** IBB - CNR ***

Biostructure and Bioimaging Institute, National Council for Research, Montelibretti (Rome), Italy.

Department of Information Engineering, Electronics and Telecommunications, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy
[1] D.J. Herbert, N. D’Ascenzo, N. Belcari, A. Del Guerra, F. Morsani, V. Saveliev, “Study of SiPM as a potential photodetector for scintillator readout”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 567, Issue 1, November 2006, pp. 356 359, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.05.143.

[2] D. Renker, “Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes, history, properties and problems”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 567, Issue 1, November 2006, pp. 48 56, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.05.060.

[3] K. Yamamoto, K. Yamamura, K. Sato, T. Ota, H. Suzuki, S. Ohsuka, “Development of Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC)”, Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2006 IEEE, Volume 2, 29 October - 1 November 2006, pp. 1094 1097, DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2006.356038.

[4] M.G. Bagliesi, C. Avanzini, G. Bigongiari, R. Cecchi, M.Y. Kim, P. Maestro, P.S. Marrocchesi, F. Morsani, “A custom front-end ASIC for the readout and timing of 64 SiPM photosensors”, Nuclear Physics B Proceedings Supplements, Volume 215, Issue 1, June 2011, pp. 344-348, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysbps.2011.04.049.

[5] N. Seguin-Moreau, “Latest generation of ASICs for photodetector readout”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 718, August 2013, pp. 173-179, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.11.134.

[6] A. Comerma, D. Gascón, L. Garrido, C. Delgado, J. Marín, J.M. Pérez, G. Martínez and L. Freixas, “Front End ASIC design for SiPM readout”, Journal Of Instrumentation, Volume 8, January 2013, p. C01048, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/01/C01048.

[7] P.D. Olcott, J.A. Talcott, C.S. Levin, F. Habte, A.M.K. Foudray, “Compact readout electronics for position sensitive photomultiplier tubes”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 52, No. 1, February 2005, pp. 21-27, DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2004.843134.

[8] C. Trotta, R. Massari, N. Palermo, F. Scopinaro, A. Soluri, “New high spatial resolution portable camera in medical imaging”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 577, Issue 3, July 2007, pp. 604-610, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.03.037.

[9] D. Stratos, G. Maria, F. Eleftherios, L. George, “Comparison of three resistor network division circuits for the readout of 4×4 pixel SiPM arrays”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 702, February 2013, pp. 121-125, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.08.006.

[10] E. Downie, X. Yang, H. Peng, “Investigation of analog charge multiplexing schemes for SiPM based PET block detectors”, Physics in Medicine and Biology, Volume 58 (11), June 2013, pp. 3943-3964, DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/11/3943.

[11] Zhang Xiao-Hui, Qi Yu-Jin, Zhao Cui-Lan, “Design and development of compact readout electronics with silicon photomultiplier array for a compact imaging detector”, Chinese Physics C, Volume 36 (10), October 2012, pp. 973–978, DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/36/10/010.

[12] T. Kato, J. Kataoka, T. Nakamori, T. Miura, H. Matsuda, A. Kishimoto, K. Sato, Y. Ishikawa, K. Yamamura, S. Nakamura, N. Kawabata, H. Ikeda, S. Yamamoto, K. Kamada, “A novel gamma-ray detector with submillimeter resolutions using a monolithic MPPC array with pixelized Ce:LYSO and Ce:GGAG crystals”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 699, January 2013, pp. 235-241, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.04.008.

[13] A.L. Goertzen, Xuezhu Zhang, M.M. McClarty, E.J. Berg, Chen-Yi Liu, P. Kozlowski, F. Retiere, L. Ryner, V. Sossi, G. Stortz, C.J. Thompson, “Design and Performance of a Resistor Multiplexing Readout Circuit for a SiPM Detector”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 60, No. 3, June 2013, pp. 1541-1549, DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2251661.

[14] Chen-Yi Liu and A.L. Goertzen, “Multiplexing Approaches for a 12x4 Array of Silicon Photomultipliers”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 61, No. 1, February 2014, pp. 35-43, DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2013.2283872.

[15] S. Siegel, R.W. Silverman, Yiping Shao, S.R. Cherry, “Simple charge division readouts for imaging scintillator arrays using a multi-channel PMT”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 43, No. 3, June 1996, pp. 1634-1641, DOI: 10.1109/23.507162.

[16] V. Popov, S. Majewski and A. G. Weisenberger, “Readout Electronics for Multianode Photomultiplier Tubes With Pad Matrix Anode Layout”, Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2003 IEEE, 19 25 October 2003, Volume 3, pp. 2156-2159, DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2003.1352307.

[17] SensL Technical Note, “Signal Driven Multiplexing Method For Channel Reduction” Rev. 1.1, October 2015. [On-line]. Available: http://www.sensl.com/downloads/ds/TN Signal_Driven_Multiplexing_Method.pdf [Accessed: November 2015].

[18] Adaptive I/O Technologies, “AB4T‐ARRAY8 Datasheet” Rev. 08/13, 2013. [On-line], Available: http://www.ait instruments.com/v/vspfiles/ProductInfo/SiPM/AB4T ARRAY8_datasheet.pdf [Accessed: November 2015].

[19] A.V. Stolin, S. Majewski, G. Jaliparthi, R.R. Raylman, J. Proffitt, “Evaluation of imaging modules based on SensL array SB-8 for nuclear medicine applications”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 61, No. 5, October 2014, pp. 2433-2438, DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2014.2327106.

[20] S. Seifert, H.T. van Dam, J. Huizenga, R. Vinke, P. Dendooven, H. Lohner, D.R. Schaart, “Simulation of Silicon Photomultiplier Signals”, Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on, Volume 56, No. 6, December 2009, pp. 3726-3733, DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2009.2030728.

[21] S.J. McCallum, P. Clowes, A.E. Welch, “Simulation of the output from a scintillator/photodiode detector using Monte Carlo techniques and spice circuit simulation”, Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, 2002 IEEE , Volume 2, 10-16 November 2002, pp. 881-884, DOI: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2002.1239465.

[22] Sun Xi-Lei, Lü Jun-Guang, Hu Tao, Zhou Li, Cao Jun, Wang Yi-Fang, Zhan Liang, Yu Bo-Xiang, Cai Xiao, Fang Jian, Xie Yu-Guang, An Zheng-Hua, Wang Zhi-Gang, Xue Zhen, Zhang Ai-Wu, Lü Qi-Wen, Ning Fei-Peng, Ge Yong-Shuai, Liu Ying-Biao, “Fast light of CsI(Na) crystals”, Chinese Physics C, Volume 35, Issue 12, December 2011, pp. 1130-1133, DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/35/12/009.

[23] I. Nakamura, N. Ishijima, K. Hanagaki, K. Yoshimura, Y. Nakai, K. Ueno, “A 64ch readout module for PPD/MPPC/SiPM using EASIROC ASIC”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 787, July 2015, pp. 376-379, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.098.

[24] S. Callier, C. Dela Taille, G. Martin-Chassard, L. Raux, “EASIROC, an Easy & Versatile ReadOut Device for SiPM”, Physics Procedia, Volume 37, October 2012, pp. 1569-1576, DOI: 10.1016/j.phpro.2012.02.486.

[25] N. Dinu, T. Ait Imando, A. Nagai, L. Pinot, V. Puill, S. Callier, B. Janvier, C. Esnault, M.-A. Verdier, L. Raux, V. Vandenbussche, Y. Charon, L. Menard, “SiPM arrays and miniaturized readout electronics for compact gamma camera”, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 787, July 2015, pp. 367-372, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.083.

Nessun risultato.


Contiene: [X]      Estesa  

Autori: [X]   E Tipo di lavoro: [X]

E Data iniziale: Data finale: [X]   E Sede:  E    Affiliazione IBB   [Pulisci modulo]



Nessun risultato.


Interrogazione bibliografica effettuata: (([btitle] "Charge Division Circuits" OR [btitle] "Resistor Network" OR [btitle] "Scintillator Detectors" OR [btitle] "Silicon Photomultipliers." OR [btitle] "Elemental Semiconductors") AND NOT [id] = 53262)





    Esporta in BibTeX    Esporta in EndNote

Ultima modifica di Marco Comerci in data Friday 16 March 2018, 10:51:57
403 visite. Ultima visita in data Tuesday 03 July 2018, 10:32:23

Webmaster and developer: Marco Comerci
Per problemi e suggerimenti: adminibb.cnr.it
Ultimo aggiornamento: Wednesday 11 July 2018, 15:28:37