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The determinants of bond angle variability in protein/peptide backbones: A comprehensive statistical/quantum mechanics analysis (32 visite)
Proteins (ISSN: 1097-0134electronic, 0887-3585linking), 2015 Nov; 83(11): 1973-1986.
Tipo di articolo: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U. S. Gov'T,
Impact factor: 2.499
Impact factor a 5 anni: 2.725
Parole chiave: Carbon, Chemistry, Hydrogen, Models, Statistical, Molecular Structure, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Peptides, Proteins, Ramachandran Plot, Backbone Angles, Conformational Energetics, Context-Dependent Geometry, Local Effects,
Url: Non disponibile.
The elucidation of the mutual influence between peptide bond geometry and local conformation has important implications for protein structure refinement, validation, and prediction. To gain insights into the structural determinants and the energetic contributions associated with protein/peptide backbone plasticity, we here report an extensive analysis of the variability of the peptide bond angles by combining statistical analyses of protein structures and quantum mechanics calculations on small model peptide systems. Our analyses demonstrate that all the backbone bond angles strongly depend on the peptide conformation and unveil the existence of regular trends as function of psi and/or phi. The excellent agreement of the quantum mechanics calculations with the statistical surveys of protein structures validates the computational scheme here employed and demonstrates that the valence geometry of protein/peptide backbone is primarily dictated by local interactions. Notably, for the first time we show that the position of the H(alpha) hydrogen atom, which is an important parameter in NMR structural studies, is also dependent on the local conformation. Most of the trends observed may be satisfactorily explained by invoking steric repulsive interactions; in some specific cases the valence bond variability is also influenced by hydrogen-bond like interactions. Moreover, we can provide a reliable estimate of the energies involved in the interplay between geometry and conformations.
*** IBB - CNR ***
Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Napoli, I-80134, Italy.,
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