Alcohological Regional Centre - Ligurian Region, ASL3 c/o Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy - email@example.com.
Institute for Biostructure and Bioimaging (CNR) c/o Molecular Biotechnology Center, Torino, Italy.
Unit of Gastroenterology, Molinette Hospital, Torino, Italy.
References Riferimenti: Not available. Non disponibili.
Alcoholic liver fibrosis: detection and treatment
Alcohol consumption is one of the main risks to public health. Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) cause 80% of hepatotoxic deaths, and approximately 50% of cirrhosis is alcoholrelated. The acceptable daily intake (ADI) for ethanol is 2.6 g/day, deduced from morbidity and mortality rates due to liver fibrosis. The relative risk of cirrhosis increases significantly for doses above 60 g/day for men and 20 g/day for women over a period of around 10 years. Twenty to 40% of steatosis cases will evolve into steatohepatitis / steatofibrosis, and 8 to 20% will evolve directly into liver cirrhosis. About 20 to 40% of steatohepatitis cases will evolve into cirrhosis, and 4 to 5% into hepatocellular carcinoma. This cascade of events evolves in 5 to 40 years, with the temporal variability caused by the subjects' genetic patterns and associated risk / comorbidity factors. Steatohepatitis should be considered "the rate limiting step": usually, it can be resolved through abstinence, although for some patients, once this situation develops, it is not substantially modified by abstention and there is a risk of fibrotic evolution. Early detection of fibrosis, obtained by hepatic elastography, is a crucial step in patients with AUDs. Such strategy allows patients to be included in a detoxification program in order to achieve abstention. Drugs such as silybin, metadoxine, and adenosylmethionine can be used. Oher drugs, with promising antifibrotic effects, are currently under study. In this review, we discuss clinical and pathogenetic aspects of alcoholrelated liver fibrosis and present and future strategies to prevent cirrhosis.
Kim YH, Shin SW, Pellicano R, Fagoonee S, Choi IJ, Kim YI, Park B, Choi JM, Kim SG, Choi J, Park JY, Oh S, Yang HJ, Lim JH, Im JP, Kim JS, Jung HC, Ponzetto A, Figura N, Malfertheiner P, Choi IJ, Kook MC, Kim YI, Cho SJ, Lee JY, Kim CG, Park B, Nam BH, Bae SE, Choi KD, Choe J, Kim SO, Na HK, Choi JY, Ahn JY, Jung KW, Lee J, Kim DH, Chang HS, Song HJ, Lee GH, Jung HY, Seta T, Takahashi Y, Noguchi Y, Shikata S, Sakai T, Sakai K, Yamashita Y, Nakayama T, Leja M, Park JY, Murillo R, Liepniece-karele I, Isajevs S, Kikuste I, Rudzite D, Krike P, Parshutin S, Polaka I, Kirsners A, Santare D, Folkmanis V, Daugule I, Plummer M, Herrero R, Tsukamoto T, Nakagawa M, Kiriyama Y, Toyoda T, Cao X, Corral JE, Mera R, Dye CW, Morgan DR, Lee YC, Lin JT, Garcia Martin R, Matia Cubillo A, Lee SH, Park JM, Han YM, Ko WJ, Hahm KB, Leontiadis GI, Ford AC, Ichinose M, Sugano K, Jeong M, Park JM, Han YM, Park KY, Lee DH, Yoo JH, Cho JY, Hahm KB, Bang CS, Baik GH, Shin IS, Kim JB, Suk KT, Yoon JH, Kim YS, Kim DJ * Helicobacter pylori Eradication for Prevention of Metachronous Recurrence after Endoscopic Resection of Early Gastric Cancer(271 visite) N Engl J Med (ISSN: 0028-4793, 0028-4793linking, 1533-4406electronic), 2015 Jun; 30642104201566393291: 749-756. Impact Factor:59.558 DettagliEsporta in BibTeXEsporta in EndNote
Testino G, Leone S, Fagoonee S, Del Bas JM, Rodriguez B, Puiggros F, Marine S, Rodriguez MA, Morina D, Armengol L, Caimari A, Arola L, Cimini FA, Barchetta I, Carotti S, Bertoccini L, Baroni MG, Vespasiani-gentilucci U, Cavallo MG, Morini S, Nelson JE, Roth CL, Wilson LA, Yates KP, Aouizerat B, Morgan-stevenson V, Whalen E, Hoofnagle A, Mason M, Gersuk V, Yeh MM, Kowdley KV, Lee SM, Jun DW, Cho YK, Jang KS, Kucukazman M, Ata N, Dal K, Yeniova AO, Kefeli A, Basyigit S, Aktas B, Akin KO, Agladioglu K, Ure OS, Topal F, Nazligul Y, Beyan E, Ertugrul DT, Catena C, Cosma C, Camozzi V, Plebani M, Ermani M, Sechi LA, Fallo F, Goto Y, Ray MB, Mendenhall CL, French SW, Gartside PS Serum vitamin A deficiency and increased intrahepatic expression of cytokeratin antigen in alcoholic liver disease(578 visite) Hepatology (ISSN: 1827-1669electronic, 0026-4806linking), 1988 Sep; 83120693611123109(5): 1019-1026. Impact Factor:0.913 DettagliEsporta in BibTeXEsporta in EndNote
76 Records (69 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze). Impact factor totale: 317.823 (293.115 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze). Impact factor a 5 anni totale: 302.655 (272.769 escludendo Abstract e Conferenze).