Pediatric musculoskeletal ultrasound: a pictorial essay(82 visite)(PDF pubblico50 visite) Barbuto L, Di Serafino M, Della Vecchia N, Rea G, Esposito F, Vezzali N, Ferro F, Caprio MG, Vola EA, Romeo V, Vallone G
J Ultrasound (ISSN: 1876-7931linking, 1876-7931electronic), 2018 Nov 9; N/D: N/D-N/D.
Tipo di articolo: Journal Article,
Impact factor: 1.53, Impact factor a 5 anni: 0
Url: Non disponibile.
Parole chiave: High-Resolution Probes, Musculoskeletal System, Pediatric Age, Ultrasound Examination,
*** IBB - CNR *** Radiology Department, Umberto I Hospital, Nocera Inferiore, Italy. email@example.com., Radiology Department, Antonio Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy., Pediatric Department, Vanvitelli University, Naples, Italy., Radiology Department, Vincenzo Monaldi Hospital, Naples, Italy., Radiology Department, Santobono-Pausilipon Children Hospital, Naples, Italy., Radiology Department, Regional Hospital of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy., Institute of Biostructure and BioImaging, National Research Council, Naples, Italy., Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.,
Ultrasound (US) is the main imaging modality for the evaluation of pediatric patients with musculoskeletal diseases; particularly, it is an appropriate and reliable tool for diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of several musculoskeletal pathologies affecting the pediatric age. High-frequency (10-15 MHz) and high-resolution probes provide very lofty quality images, allowing a detailed study of the pediatric musculoskeletal system. Among the well-known advantages of this technique-such as the absence of ionizing radiations, its low cost and wide availability-US can as well rely on some intrinsic characteristics of the pediatric musculoskeletal system that can improve its diagnostic capability. The unossified portions of the pediatric skeleton and the absence of a thickened adipose tissue allow US to be highly effective and reliable in the study of muscles, tendons and cartilage. Lower-frequency sectoral transducers can be required in the study of some joints such as the shoulder or the hip, as well as in the examination of deep soft-tissue lesions. Furthermore, both color and spectral Doppler play an important role in the examination of soft-tissue lesions and synovial phlogosis. In this pictorial essay the main pathological conditions of pediatric musculoskeletal system will be examined, such as painful hip, evolutionary hip dysplasia, osteochondrosis, trauma-related pathologies and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.