Ultrasonographic and multimodal imaging of pediatric genital female diseases(33 visite)(PDF pubblico23 visite) Caprio MG, Di Serafino M, De Feo A, Guerriero E, Perillo T, Barbuto L, Vezzali N, Rossi E, Ferro F, Vallone G, Orazi C
J Ultrasound (ISSN: 1876-7931linking, 1876-7931electronic), 2019 Feb 19; N/D: N/D-N/D.
Tipo di articolo: Journal Article, Review
Impact factor: 1.547, Impact factor a 5 anni: 0
Url: Non disponibile.
Parole chiave: Congenital Anomalies, Disorders Of Sex Development, Genital Female Tract, Pediatric Age, Pelvic Expansive Masses, Ultrasound Examination
*** IBB - CNR *** Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging National Research Council, Via Tommaso De Amicis, 95, 80145, Naples, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org., Radiology Department, "Antonio Cardarelli" Hospital, Naples, Italy., Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy., Radiology Department, Umberto I Hospital, Nocera Inferiore, Salerno, Italy., Radiology Department, Regional Hospital of Bolzano, Bolzano, Italy., Radiology Department, "Santobono-Pausilipon" Children Hospital, Naples, Italy., Paediatric Radiology Department, "Federico II" University Hospital, Naples, Italy., Department of Imaging, Bambino Gesu Children's Hospital Research Institute, P.za S.Onofrio 4, Via Torre di Palidoro, Palidoro, Rome, Italy.,
Ultrasonography is the first-line imaging modality in the evaluation of the female pelvis in childhood and adolescence, because it is easy to perform, non-invasive and it does not require sedation. The transabdominal approach is preferred in children and adolescents, after filling the bladder to move away the bowel loops from the pelvis. The probe frequency must be adapted to age, thickness of tissues and depth of the structures under examination. High-frequency (4-12 MHz) linear or convex probes are used in newborns; high-frequency linear probes (4-12 MHz) in toddler, convex 5-7.5 MHz probes in girls and convex 3.5-5 MHz probes in teenagers. In this article, the main pathological conditions of the genital female tract in pediatric age are examined, such as congenital anomalies, disorders of sex development, ovarian cysts, ovarian tumors, adnexal torsion, primary amenorrhea, precocious puberty and pelvic inflammatory disease.