Relationship between epicardial adipose tissue and coronary vascular function in patients with suspected coronary artery disease and normal myocardial perfusion imaging(6 visite) Nappi C, Ponsiglione A, Acampa W, Gaudieri V, Zampella E, Assante R, Cuocolo R, Mannarino T, Dell'Aversana S, Petretta M, Imbriaco M, Cuocolo A
Impact factor: 5.26, Impact factor a 5 anni: 3.669
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Parole chiave: Pet Ct, Epicardial Adipose Tissue, Myocardial Blood Flow, Myocardial Perfusion Reserve
*** IBB - CNR *** Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University Federico II, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Napoli, Italy. Institute of Biostructure and Bioimaging, National Council of Research, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Napoli, Italy. Department of Translational Medical Sciences, University Federico II, Via Sergio Pansini 5, Napoli, Italy.
AIMS: We evaluated the relationship between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary vascular function assessed by rubidium-82 (82Rb) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population included 270 patients with suspected CAD and normal myocardial perfusion at stress-rest 82Rb PET/CT. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) score and EAT volume were measured. Absolute myocardial blood flow (MBF) was computed in mL/min/ from the dynamic rest and stress imaging. Myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) was defined as the ratio of hyperaemic to baseline MBF and it was considered reduced when <2. MPR was normal in 177 (65%) patients and reduced in 93 (35%). Patients with impaired MPR were older (P < 0.001) and had higher CAC score values (P = 0.033), EAT thickness (P = 0.009), and EAT volume (P < 0.001). At univariable logistic regression analysis, age, heart rate reserve (HRR), CAC score, EAT thickness, and EAT volume resulted significant predictors of reduced MPR, but only age (P = 0.002), HRR (P = 0.021), and EAT volume (P = 0.043) were independently associated with reduced MPR, at multivariable analysis. In patients with CAC score 0 (n = 114), a significant relation between EAT volume and MPR (P = 0.014) was observed, while the relationship was not significant (P = 0.21) in patients with CAC score >0 (n = 156). CONCLUSION: In patients with suspected CAD and normal myocardial perfusion, EAT volume predicts hyperaemic MBF and reduced MPR, confirming that visceral pericardium fat may influence coronary vascular function. Thus, EAT evaluation has a potential role in the early identification of coronary vascular dysfunction.<br>