Multifaceted antibodies development against synthetic alpha-dystroglycan mucin glycopeptide as promising tools for dystroglycanopathies diagnostic(32 visite) Canassa-deleo T, Campo VL, Rodrigues LC, Marchiori MF, Fuzo C, Brigido MM, Sandomenico A, Ruvo M, Maranhao AQ, Dias-baruffi M
*** IBB - CNR *** Faculdade de Ciencias Farmaceuticas de Ribeirao Preto, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Cafe S/N, CEP, Ribeirao Preto, SP, 14040-903, Brazil. Centro Universitario Barao de Maua, Rua Ramos de Azevedo 423, Jardim Paulista, CEP, Ribeirao Preto, 14090-180, SP, Brazil. Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Universidade de Brasilia, Asa Norte, Brasilia, DF, CEP 70910-900, Brazil. Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, CNR, via Mezzocannone, 16, 80134, Naples, Italy.
Dystroglycanopathies are diseases characterized by progressive muscular degeneration and impairment of patient's quality of life. They are associated with altered glycosylation of the dystrophin-glycoprotein (DGC) complex components, such as alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG), fundamental in the structural and functional stability of the muscle fiber. The diagnosis of dystroglycanopathies is currently based on the observation of clinical manifestations, muscle biopsies and enzymatic measures, and the available monoclonal antibodies are not specific for the dystrophic hypoglycosylated muscle condition. Thus, modified alpha-DG mucins have been considered potential targets for the development of new diagnostic strategies toward these diseases. In this context, this work describes the synthesis of the hypoglycosylated alpha-DG mimetic glycopeptide NHAc-Gly-Pro-Thr-Val-Thr[alphaMan]-Ile-Arg-Gly-BSA (1) as a potential tool for the development of novel antibodies applicable to dystroglycanopathies diagnosis. Glycopeptide 1 was used for the development of polyclonal antibodies and recombinant monoclonal antibodies by Phage Display technology. Accordingly, polyclonal antibodies were reactive to glycopeptide 1, which enables the application of anti-glycopeptide 1 antibodies in immune reactive assays targeting hypoglycosylated alpha-DG. Regarding monoclonal antibodies, for the first time variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) immunoglobulin domains were selected by Phage Display, identified by NGS and described by in silico analysis. The best-characterized VH and VL domains were cloned, expressed in E. coli Shuffle T7 cells, and used to construct a single chain fragment variable that recognized the Glycopeptide 1 (GpalphaDG1 scFv). Molecular modelling of glycopeptide 1 and GpalphaDG1 scFv suggested that their interaction occurs through hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic contacts involving amino acids from scFv (I51, Y33, S229, Y235, and P233) and R8 and alpha-mannose from Glycopeptide 1.<br>