Machine learning analysis of MRI-derived texture features to predict placenta accreta spectrum in patients with placenta previa(10 visite) Romeo V, Ricciardi C, Cuocolo R, Stanzione A, Verde F, Sarno L, Improta G, Mainenti PP, D'Armiento M, Brunetti A, Maurea S
*** IBB - CNR *** University of Naples "Federico II", Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Naples, Italy., University of Naples "Federico II", Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org., University of Naples "Federico II", Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Dentistry Sciences, Naples, Italy., University of Naples "Federico II", Department of Public Health, Naples, Italy., Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging of the National Council of Research (CNR), Naples, Italy.,
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a machine learning (ML) analysis employing MRI-derived texture analysis (TA) features could be useful in assessing the presence of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) in patients with placenta previa (PP). The hypothesis is that TA features may reflect histological abnormalities underlying PAS in patients with PP thus helping in differentiating positive from negative cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-operative MRI examinations of 64 patients with PP of which 20 positive (12 accreta, 7 increta and 1 percreta) and 44 negative for PAS were retrospectively selected. Multiple (n=3) rounded regions of interest (ROIs) were manually positioned on sagittal or coronal T2-weighted images over homogeneous placental tissue close to the placental-myometrial interface for each patient to extract TA features. After balancing the dataset with the Synthetic Minority Over-sampling Technique, training and testing sets were obtained using Hold-out with a 75/25% split. Different algorithms were applied on the training set using the wrapper method, which looks for the best combination of features based on the optimization of a heuristic function in order to get the highest accuracy, and a 10-fold Cross-validation. The accuracy of the best models was also assessed on the test set. Histology was used as the standard of reference. RESULTS: A total of 192 ROIs were positioned and a ROI-based analysis was then conducted. Among the different algorithms, k-nearest neighbors obtained the highest accuracy (98.1%), precision (98.7%), sensitivity (97.5%) and specificity (98.7%) while exploiting the lowest number of features (n=26); conversely, the Naive Bayes algorithm got the lowest scores showing an accuracy of 80.5%. CONCLUSION: ML analysis using MRI-derived TA features could be a feasible tool in the identification of placental tissue abnormalities underlying PAS in patients with PP. This approach might represent an additional tool in the clinical practice, thus expanding the application field of artificial intelligence to medical images.