We report an innovative fiber optic nano-optrode based on Long Period Gratings (LPGs) working in reflection mode for the detection of human Thyroglobulin (TG), a protein marker of differentiated thyroid cancer.
The reflection-type LPG (RT-LPG) biosensor, coated with a single layer of atactic polystyrene (aPS) onto which a specific, high affinity anti-Tg antibody was adsorbed, allowed the label-free detection of Tg in the needle washouts of fine-needle aspiration biopsies, at concentrations useful for pre- and post-operative assessment of the biomarker levels.
Analyte recognition and capture were confirmed with a parallel on fiber ELISA-like assay using, in pilot tests, the biotinylated protein and HRP-labeled streptavidin for its detection. Dose-dependent experiments showed that the detection is linearly dependent on concentration within the range between 0 and 4 ng/mL, while antibody saturation occurs for higher protein levels. The system is characterized by a very high sensitivity and specificity allowing the
detection of sub ng/ml concentrations of human Tg from needle washouts of fine-needle aspiration biopsies of thyroid nodule from different patients.